Democracy Reform Task Force Urges FEC to Take Broader and Stronger Action to Prevent Foreign Meddling in U.S. Elections
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Democracy Reform Task Force Chair Rep. John Sarbanes (D-Md.) today, along with several Members of the U.S. House of Representatives, submitted comments to support the Federal Election Commission’s (FEC) proposed rulemaking on internet advertising disclosure. The FEC is considering whether to proceed with a rulemaking that would, in part, prevent foreign agents from secretly buying ads on social media platforms in an effort to misinform American voters and undermine U.S. elections.
The Members wrote: “We believe it is past time for the Commission to take action to harmonize disclaimer requirements for paid internet communications, regardless of size, on internet platforms with advertisements served on other mediums, such as broadcast television or radio... [T]here is reason to believe that if we had a more effective disclaimer regime for political internet advertisements during the 2016 election cycle, a portion of the illicit foreign campaign spending might have been prevented.”
The Members went on to request the FEC issued a separate, broader rulemaking to prevent future foreign interference in American elections. “But issuance of new guidelines for internet communications disclaimers is not enough,” the Members continued. “We strongly encourage the Federal Election Commission to schedule a separate, broader rulemaking that addresses head-on the topic of illicit foreign activity in U.S. elections. As we now know, foreign interests engaged in a sustained campaign of political interference in the 2016 elections. We believe it is critical the Commission address this reality directly.”
The FEC proposed the initial rulemaking after Congressman Sarbanes and Senator Martin Heinrich (D-N.M.) led a coalition of Democratic House and Senate members in sending a letter to the agency, urging it to consider new rules that would prevent foreign agents from buying political and issue-based ads on platforms like Facebook and Twitter.
See below for a full copy of the Members’ comments.
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November 9, 2017
Neven F. Stipanovic
Acting Assistant General Counsel
Federal Election Commission
999 E. Street NW
Washington, D.C., 20463
Re: Comments on REG 2011-02- Internet Communication Disclaimers
Dear Mr. Stipanovic:
These comments are submitted jointly by the undersigned members of Congress in response to the reopened Federal Election Commission’s (“Commission”) Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) 2017, 76 Fed. Reg. 63567 (October 13, 2017), seeking comment on “whether to begin a rulemaking to revise its regulations concerning disclaimers on certain internet communications and, if so, on what changes should be made to those rules.” Id.
On September 20, 2017, several Members of Congress wrote to the Commission to encourage the development of “new guidance for advertising platforms on how to prevent illicit foreign spending in U.S. elections,” requesting the Commission “take immediate action to preserve the integrity of our election law and our elections.” In his response, FEC Chairman Walther announced the reopening of a comment period on a six-year old ANPRM on “Internet Communication Disclaimers” and stated “any comments from [Congress] would be most welcome and appreciated.” We welcome the opportunity to provide comment on this matter and beyond.
We applaud the Commission’s willingness to revisit the issue of internet communications disclaimers and there relation to the “small items exception.” As we have learned, foreign interests bought paid political advertisements on internet platforms during the 2016 election. It is clear that gaps in our political advertising disclosure regime may have enabled these hostile actors to do so without fear of disclosure.
We believe it is past time the Commission take action to harmonize disclaimer requirements for paid electioneering communications, regardless of size, on internet platforms with advertisements served on other mediums, such as broadcast television or radio. Put simply, it makes little sense that a political advertisement run on the internet would be subject to a lower standard of disclosure than that of an advertisement aired on television. Moreover, there is reason to believe that if we had a more effective disclaimer regime for political internet advertisements during the 2016 election cycle a portion of the illicit foreign campaign spending might have been prevented.
But issuance of new guidelines for internet communications disclaimers is not enough. We strongly encourage the Federal Election Commission to schedule a separate, broader rulemaking that addresses head-on the topic of illicit foreign activity in U.S. elections. As we now know, foreign interests engaged in a sustained campaign of political interference in the 2016 elections. We believe it is critical the Commission address this reality directly.
To be sure, existing federal law constrains the Commission’s potential regulatory response to these foreign attacks on our elections. Still, we believe a separate rulemaking on foreign interference would provide a much needed venue to underscore the threat our nation faces and to give space for an important and serious discussion of potential remedies – even if some of those remedies fall outside the bounds of the Commission’s existing authority. As Commissioner Weintraub wrote in June, “This is an all-hands-on-deck moment for our democracy… Every part of our government that has jurisdiction over these issues must exercise every scrap of its jurisdiction as fully as it can.” We agree and implore the Commission to act.
The 2018 election cycle is fast approaching. As such, it is imperative the Commission exercise its full authority to convene a separate rulemaking on the topic of foreign interference and to issue new regulations where appropriate, including on the matter of internet communication disclaimers. We look forward to the Commission’s action and appreciate the opportunity to present these comments.